Censorship


Censorship
   Freedom of expression is guaranteed by the constitution of each Scandinavian country. Under the absolutist monarchs who ruled prior to the establishment of democracy, however, politically motivated censorship was common, even under such enlightened rulers as Sweden's Gustav III. Censorship returned to Denmark and Norway during World War II, when both countries were occupied by Nazi Germany. Since all of the Scandinavian countries have state churches, however, blasphemy was long considered illegal. For example, the Swedish dramatist August Strindberg had to stand trial on the charge of blasphemy in 1884 because of a remark about communion wine made in a volume of short stories entitled Giftas (1884; tr., with a second volume, as Married, 1913; also as Getting Married, 1972). He was acquitted, as was Gustaf Froding when he was accused of pornography because of erotic language in his poem "En morgondrom" (1896; "A Morning Dream"). Public decency was an issue in Scandinavian literature throughout the periods of realism and naturalism, but with changing social mores sexual explicitness became increasingly tolerated. In the 1950s the Norwegian writer Agnar Mykle was accused of pornography after the publication of his novel Sangen om den røde rubin (1956; tr. The Song ofthe Red Ruby, 1961) but was acquitted by Norway's High Court. Ten years later his colleague Jens Bjørneboe published Uten en trad (1966; tr. Without a Stitch, 1969), which was found by the courts to be pornographic and consequently confiscated. It is no longer considered likely, however, that a Scandinavian literary work will be censored for any reason.

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • censorship — cen·sor·ship n: the institution, system, or practice of censoring compare freedom of speech, prior restraint Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • CENSORSHIP —    Censorship in modern Japan has served as both a political expedient wielded by government as well as a self regulating tool used by the publishing houses. In 1869, the first publishing regulations were enacted, followed in 1875 by regulations… …   Japanese literature and theater

  • Censorship — Cen sor*ship, n. The office or power of a censor; as, to stand for a censorship. Holland. [1913 Webster] The press was not indeed at that moment under a general censorship. Macaulay. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • censorship — 1590s, office of a censor, from CENSOR (Cf. censor) + SHIP (Cf. ship). Meaning action of censoring is from 1856 …   Etymology dictionary

  • censorship — [n] forbiddance; ban blackout*, blue pencil*, bowdlerization, control, forbidding, hush up*, infringing on rights, iron curtain*, restriction, suppression, thought control*; concepts 376,388 Ant. approval, compliment, encouragement, endorsement,… …   New thesaurus

  • censorship — [sen′sər ship΄] n. 1. the act, system, or practice of censoring 2. the office or term of a Roman censor 3. Psychoanalysis the agency by which unpleasant ideas, memories, etc. are kept from entering consciousness, except symbolically as in dreams …   English World dictionary

  • Censorship — Part of a series on Censorship By media …   Wikipedia

  • censorship — /sen seuhr ship /, n. 1. the act or practice of censoring. 2. the office or power of a censor. 3. the time during which a censor holds office. 4. the inhibiting and distorting activity of the Freudian censor. [1585 95; CENSOR + SHIP] * * * Act of …   Universalium

  • Censorship —    During the period of partition, films in the Polish territories were censored according to the laws of the occupying powers. After regaining independence in 1918, the government was in favor of an open market regulated by tariffs and… …   Guide to cinema

  • Censorship —    Film censorship regulations were first introduced in Italy in 1913 by a law that established the requirement for all films to be furnished with an official written release (nulla osta) from the Ministry for the Interior, granted on the basis… …   Historical dictionary of Italian cinema

  • Censorship —    Official film censorship in Spain started in 1912, and remained in place as an explicit system to control artistic expression, enforced in one form or another, until 1977. The power to censor spectacles was held, in the early periods, by the… …   Historical dictionary of Spanish cinema


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